Children deserve the most excellent medical care. Being a parent it is very important to be conscious of treatment guidelines.
The common childhood illnesses and their treatments are
- Sore Throat
Sore throat is caused by a virus which doesn’t need antibiotics. It can be cured in between seven and ten days. Sore throat is very commonly visible in children and it can be painful. If the sore throat is produced by an infection is called strep throat
Strep throat cannot be diagnosed just by looking at it. A lab test or in-office rapid strep test are needed to confirm the diagnosis of the strep throat. If it is confirmed that the child is having strep throat, antibiotics prescribed by the pediatrician. It is highly important to continue the full course of antibiotics even after the symptoms are gone.
Babies and toddlers don’t get the strep throat easily, but there are chances to be infected by streptococcus bacteria. It is spread by infected children. It is spread by cough and sneezes.
- Ear Pain
Ear pain is very common in children and it may be caused by different reasons, including ear infection, sinus infection, swimmers ear, teeth pain occur near the ear and some others. By a clear examination, a pediatrician can spot the difference. If the child is suffering from fever with an earache or any signs of other illness, the pediatrician may suggest a course of antibiotics.
A most preferable antibiotic for the middle ear infections is amoxicillin; it is avoided when there is sensitivity to penicillin or recurrent infections.
Most of ear infections are caused by viruses and they do not require antibiotics. If the pediatrician confirmed that the ear infection is caused by a virus, he will suggest the ways to relieve the child’s ear pain until the virus runs its period.
- Urinary Tract Infection
Bladder infections also termed as urinary tract infections, these most commonly occurred when bacteria formed in the urinary tract. Symptoms of UTI are pain or inflammation during urination, frequent urination, bedwetting, abdominal pain or back pain.
A doctor after analyzing the urine test results may adjust the medicine depending on the type of bacteria existing in the child urine.
- Skin Infection
Children with skin infections need to undergo a skin test to get suitable treatment. Associations with resistant bacteria or to the people exposed to it may cause infections to the child.
Bronchitis, a lung infection generally observed in adults. Often it is caused by a chest virus which does not require antibiotics.
Bronchiolitis is popular in infants and young children during the winter season. Bronchiolitis is frequently caused by a virus, which does not need antibiotics. Signs of bronchiolitis are difficulty in breathing, having food and symbols of dehydration. Medicine which is used for asthma patients is not to be used for infants and young children.
The best medicine to relieve pain for children is acetaminophen or ibuprofen. A pediatrician may suggest you the dosage required, based on children weight.
- Common Cold
Cold is caused by viruses in the upper respiratory region. A young child can get six to eight colds a year. Symptoms are a runny nose, congestion and cough. Green mucus in the nose is also a common cold; it doesn’t mean that antibiotics are needed.
- Bacterial Sinusitis
The main cause of bacterial sinusitis is the bacteria caught in sinusitis. Symptoms are nasal discharge, daytime cough or both last beyond ten days without development. If the condition is associated with thick yellow mucus discharge and fever for 3 or 4 days then antibiotics may be needed.
Cough is generally caused by viruses and it does not frequently require antibiotics. Cough medicine may not be recommended for the children below 4 years.